What Is Panic Disorder — and How Can You Know If You Have It?

Panic disorder is a type of anxiety disorder which is a serious psychological condition characterized by recurrent panic attacks. Panic attacks are surges of intense fear, which happens at any time causing the individual to live with persistent worries that more attacks are on the way.

The Cause of Panic Disorder
Medical experts have not really come to a conclusion on what causes a panic disorder. But researchers are of the opinion that this psychological problem runs in families. However, with their avowals, they aren’t really certain how completely this fact is since one could be controlled by their genes and the environment they grew up in. The exact genes responsible for a panic disorder are not yet known. If individuals are prone to experiencing negative emotions and are sensitive to anxiety, they are really at risk of getting panic disorders. A child who had had sexual abuse, physical abuse, and interpersonal stressors will also be at risk of panic disorder. Individuals with panic disorder have brains that are very sensitive to responding to fear and anxiety.

Symptoms of Panic Disorder
Because genes vary, panic disorder is different for everyone. Panic attacks awaken fear which begins suddenly without warning, lasting typically for 10 to 20 minutes. However, in extreme cases, symptoms last for more than an hour. Below are common symptoms associated with panic disorder.
Palpitation
Lightheadedness
Feelings of dizziness
Chills
Shaking
Nausea
Chest pain
A fear of dying
A fear of going insane

Distinguishing Panic Attacks from Heart Attacks
True, research has shown that the symptoms of panic attacks are similar to heart attacks. Nevertheless, having a panic attack doesn’t mean you are equally struggling with a heart attack. When you are experiencing a heart attack, the following symptoms will definitely show.
When you have severe pain and pressure in the chest region
When the pains spread from the chest region to the limbs
When physical activities you engage in worsen symptoms
If you are not sure of what your symptoms are, don’t hesitate to book an appointment with your family doctor or a well-qualified doctor in the absence of a family doctor.

Diagnosis of Panic Disorder
Because heart attacks are very similar to panic attacks, you will be diagnosed to check your health.  At the emergency room, an emergency provider will perform a series of tests to examine if your symptoms are caused by a heart attack. They may perform a blood test so as to checkmate other conditions that may be the building blocks behind the symptoms. If need be, they may run an electrocardiogram (ECG) test to check the condition of your heart.

Treatment of Panic Disorder
The express purpose those with panic disorder are treatment is to eliminate the symptoms and bring them to their normal state of well-being. Treatment of panic disorder will involve a medical expert or professional and via CBT— cognitive behavioral therapy. This therapy is tailored to help you understand that you ought to change the way you think and act so that you can understand your attacks better. This therapy has shown to be very effective in treating panic disorder. Medications such as antidepressants and anti-anxiety drugs will be prescribed by your doctor. Depending on your symptoms, the doctor will tell you what antidepressant and anti-anxiety drugs to take.

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