Malaria is a serious disease that brings about, in most cases, fever paroxysm. It affects millions of Africans and Asians. Malaria fever is also reported in parts of the world such as the United States of America, Central, and South America. This disease, if not treated properly, has been reported to be one of the major causes of death in most parts of the world.
Causes of Malaria Fever
The Plasmodium parasite (Plasmodium falciparum) that causes a malaria fever is a single-celled parasite that multiplies itself in red blood cells when the anopheles mosquito bites you. It is a very deadly disease that needs immediate treatment.
Other species that cause a malaria fever, depending on where you live are:
Plasmodium vivax: Mainly found in South American and Asia
Plasmodium ovale: Not really common, but found in West Africa
Plasmodium malariae: Usually found in Africa
Only female mosquitoes (female anopheles) spread the parasites. This occurs when a mosquito bites an individual who has already been infected with the parasites. When the mosquito bites another person who didn’t have the parasites, it definitely injects the parasites into the person. In this process, the disease is spread.
Immediately the parasites find their way into the body, they move quickly to the liver, where they multiply. As soon as they get into the red blood cells, they invade them by laying their eggs and multiplying in the cells. This makes your red blood cells vulnerable to more parasites. As a result, this spreading of the disease, if not quickly treated, leads to many complications such as fever.
Treatment of Malaria
At this juncture, we will review together how a malaria fever could be treated, thus, promising hopes to those who are stuck in areas with mosquitoes. Unless it’s not especially infected with P. falciparum or P. vivax, malaria fever is very dangerous and could lead to serious complications if not quickly treated. Your doctor usually provides you with the needed treatment for a malaria fever by prescribing medications based on the type of parasite that you’ve been infected with.
Also, according to the World Health Organization (WHO), artemisinin-based combination therapies (ACTs) are recommended to treat uncomplicated malaria by P. falciparum. Meanwhile, doctors combine a drug(s) with an ACT.
Prevention of Malaria Fever
At the moment, there is no vaccine available to prevent a malaria fever. Notwithstanding if you are traveling or in an area where malaria is common, you are advised to meet with your doctor to prescribe the best drugs to help you fight the Plasmodium parasites. These medications you may be prescribed could be, if they aren’t, similar to those used in treating a malaria fever. Because a malaria fever is experientially devastating, don’t feel hesitant to talk to your doctor if you live in an area where malaria is communal. Your doctor may recommend that you get a mosquito net since it helps to prevent being a victim to the bites of mosquitoes.
Diagnosis of Malaria Fever
You ought to always discuss with a qualified doctor who will be able to take the best steps to help diagnose your malaria fever. An examination of your body will be performed by the doctor. If you’ve got symptoms of malaria, your doctor would advise that you undergo blood tests to confirm your diagnosis. The express purposes you are undergoing this diagnosis are to show:
The type of malaria you have
If the infection is caused by a parasite which has built a resistant body to certain drugs
If the disease has affected the vital organs in the body