Things you should know about High-Fat Diets and Your Microbiome

Those on the weight-loss plan are very desirous of losing weight. This is where the issue of high-fat comes into the square of discussion. What do you think about the term? Does it sound weird to you? A high-fat diet is a diet where the calories come from the fat you eat instead of carbohydrate or protein. High-fat diets are like low-carb diets. Microbiome refers to microorganisms (such as bacteria, fungi, and viruses) found in a particular environment, which include a part of the human body — the human gut. The gut microbiome plays an important role in our health in that we depend on these microorganisms to help digest our food, produce certain vitamins needed for healthy living, regulate our immune system and keep us healthy by protecting us from microbes — disease-causing organisms. Most of these microorganisms are found in a “pocket” known as the cecum of the large intestine. A research discovered that there are more bacteria cells in the body than the human cells. According to a study conducted by scientists, there are about 75 to 200 trillions of these microorganisms in the human body while there 50 to 100 trillions of the human cells. This entire microorganism plays important roles, as earlier discussed.
What relation do high-fat diets have with these gut microbiomes? Are high-fat diets good for human microbiome? Let’s find straight from the horse’s mouth. High-Fat Diets and Your Microbiomes Research conducted recently showed that high-fat diets are very dangerous to our health. When people who love the trending high-fat diets (such as the Keto diet) take, by 40%, of their daily diet for six months, scientists found out that the number of good bacteria is destroyed in the process while there is a tremendous increase in the number of bad bacteria. This increase of bad microorganisms causes changes in the make-up of the microbiome. One typical high-fat diet called Western pattern diet (WPD) is very rich in fat, red and processed meat, and refined grains and can poison the gut microbiome.  When these changes occur, the researchers noted that there will definitely be the development of metabolic disorders such as cancer, diabetes, and heart disease. In the study, researchers engaged more than 200 young people, between ages 19-35, who were not obese in any way. These young people were placed in three different groups and some of the volunteered researchers were asked to get involved. One of the groups was given a diet which comprised 20 percent of low fat. Another was given a diet of 30 percent moderate fat. The third group was engaged with a diet of 40 percent of fat. At the start of the study, the researches collected all the needed samples, which included their average fat intake. At the end of the study, every needed sample was also collected. It was noted that all three groups had weight loss but those with the lowest fat intake were recorded to have the most weight loss. This decrease in weight loss led to an increase in positive gut microorganisms. The group given lower fat diet was recorded to have an increase in gut microbes linked with lower levels of cholesterol. However, the third group placed on a higher-fat diet was recorded to have a different type of gut bacteria which linked with higher levels of cholesterol. Also, the type of bacteria which developed in the gut of those with higher fat is linked to that which develops in people with type 2 diabetes.
According to the authors, the findings are absolutely relevant in Western countries where there is an increase in the intake of high-fat diets like the Keto diet and the Paleo diet.

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