Most times, you hear people say they have OCD. But have you thought of the meaning of that acronym? Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD) is a mental health disorder that occurs when a person has a tendency towards a cycle of obsession and compulsion. In order words, when a person has OCD, it means that a person has a tendency towards being excessively clean or orderly. Obsessions are unwanted thoughts a person develops which gradually triggers worries. Compulsion is the behavior the individual engages in as to liberate their obsessions or worries.
This mental health condition affects people of all ages but is more common among teenagers and adults. The intrusive thoughts that get stuck in the brain of the individual are referred to as the brain’s “junk mail” because the individual seems not to have control of what comes into the brain and what ought to be filtered. What actually causes this disorder in the brain?
Causes of OCD
There are a few reasons behind the development of OCD, amongst them are:
- Biological Causes: OCD may occur as a result of the changes in the brain’s functions. This finding has been made possible with the aid of brain imaging techniques. When specific areas of the brain were studies, researches noticed that some parts of the brain of those with OCD don’t function when compared to those without the disorder.
- Environmental Causes: OCD may be triggered as a result of surrounding environmental factors, which include diseases, stress, and depression- although research is needed- without a questionable conclusion depression increases its risk.
- Cognitive Causes: Granted, everyone has intrusive or unwelcoming thoughts from time-to-time but they find a way of dismissing those unnecessary thoughts. However, those with OCD misinterpret these thoughts as being very important and ought to be given paramount attention.
- Genetic Causes: Genetics is also another factor that contributes to the development of OCD.
By and large, having considered the culprits behind the development of OCD, there are symptoms people are not aware of that you ought to know. Let’s now consider these symptoms.
Symptoms of OCD people fail to Recognize
Individuals suffering from OCD may not really recognize these simple signs that elevate their disorder. Consider just a few of them below.
- Fear of Hurting others and being hurt
People with OCD always have feelings of being hurt and hurting others around them. You may adduce this to be a symptom of another disease, but it’s truly associated with OCD.
- Fear of making mistakes
Another symptom of OCD is that you fear of ever making a mistake. Those with OCD really think of themselves as perfectionists, so they don’t ever want to make mistakes. The only way you feel inner peace is when others say you are doing things better than
- Obsessive Need for Orderliness
True there is always a need for individuals to be very orderly. However, those with OCD go to the extreme of being orderly in life. They want to make sure that what they are doing is placed in order– done in an excessive manner. When others arrange things for them, they don’t feel they are well-arranged; so you make it a habit to keep arranging and arranging, even when it’s no necessity.
- Fear of Embarrassing others and being Embarrassed
Granted, no one wants to get others told off or be embarrassed especially in public. However, OCD sufferers go to the extreme of doing this.
- Intrusive Thoughts or Images
While, generally, people get engaged with thoughts that are not necessary and dismiss them faster, OCD sufferers get engaged with these thoughts but can’t find a way of discharging them. When this happens, these thoughts lead to disturbances and/or distresses.
- Fear of Sexually Explicit and Violent Images
This is when a sufferer experiences troubling or offensive scenes.
You find difficult to convince yourself that the kitchen appliances you turned off aren’t really turned, giving way to doubts. As a result, you develop the tendency of checking all the time to ensure the kitchen switches are turned off.
You say or do things over and over again in the same way before leaving the home.
- Washing and/or Cleaning
As if the hands you washed earlier aren’t clean enough or the bath you took earlier doesn’t make you good enough, you feel the need to wash the hands and bathe severally.
- Superstitious Fear
The belief that certain numbers are lucky and unlucky and wanting to say them loud is another uncommon symptom virtually every sufferer of OCD doesn’t give attention.