Birth control is a method or device used to prevent a woman from getting pregnant. For centuries, birth control has been used. However, methods that have been proven to be effective and safe for everyone became available in the 20th century.
Pills are usually taken by women and they do this when they take it by mouth to prevent pregnancy. As effective as these pills may prove to be, there is no absolute guarantee that they will protect you against sexually transmitted diseases, such as HIV, MRSA, syphilis, chlamydia infection, and urethritis.
There are several methods of birth control, which include hormonal contraception.
The hormones in the pills stop ovulation. This means that there is no egg hanging around the sperm to fertilize. When this happens, there is absolute assurance that no pregnancy can take place.
Common Birth Control Methods
True, the methods of birth control vary from places and using your match is very important. There have been advancements in birth control methods; and with much recent technology and research, there are different options out there to choose from. But it may be hard to choose just the right one for yourself. These methods range from hormonal to non-hormonal methods.
These methods will be discussed briefly.
- Hormonal Birth Control Methods
There are several methods of hormonal birth control. These methods are the ones we hear very often from the mouth of both men and women since they come in different forms and hormone levels.
At this juncture, let’s consider some of the most common types of hormonal birth control methods briefly.
- Vagina Ring
This ring is made of flexible plastic.
- Birth Control Patch
The patch is a tiny plastic placed at the upper arm of the skin.
- The Shot
This is an injection given by a medical professional on the arm or hip which lasts for three months.
- The Birth Control Implant
The implant is a small rod placed underneath the skin of a woman by a health practitioner to help her prevent pregnancy.
- Non-Hormonal Birth Control Methods
While there are many different types of hormonal birth control methods, there are also different non-hormonal birth control methods available today and are widely accepted. Some of them are considered briefly below.
A. Male Condom
This is a latex material worn by a man during sex. They are always worn before having sex.
B. Female Condom
It is made of a soft plastic designed to protect against sexually transmitted diseases.
This is used by women to cover their cervix, thus stopping sperm from joining an egg. For best effectiveness, women are advised to use diaphragms with spermicides.
Birth Control Side Effects
Well, these methods have really proven to be extremely effective. However, there are side effects associated with them. What are they? Let’s consider them.
Some women have reported that they had mild nausea when they first started the pills.
- Weight Gain
Another side effect you may not be able to escape from is that birth control makes it possible for those involved to gain weight. If you are on a weight-loss plan, you ought to book an appointment with your doctor to prescribe just the right one for you.
- Decrease in Libido
Studies have found that those who began using birth control methods complained that they had a lower sex drive. This is as a result of the hormones present. If this problem persists, you are advised to see your doctor.
- Mood Changes
Those involved in birth control methods are at risk of developing depression and other emotional changes.
- Missed Periods
Other women say that they have missed their periods severally as a result of the intake of the pills. This could be that there is an abnormality in the hormones.
- Vaginal Discharge
There could be changes in vaginal discharge. This is one of the side effects you ought to look out for, though it is not harmful. However, if you notice any change in color or odor of your vaginal, then know there is a problem called the yeast infection.
- Yeast Infection
Another side effect you may be surprised to know is that you may be battling a yeast infection. When you notice any change in color or odor of your vaginal, you ought to see your family doctor for the problem not to get worse.
- Breast Enlargement or Tenderness
Birth control pills usually cause the enlargement or tenderness of the breasts. Meeting with your doctor to know the best steps to take is the best option.