Liver cirrhosis is one of the diseases that affect the liver. This disease is a slowly progressing disease that occurs because of the scarring of the liver which if not quickly treated may become chronic and lead to abnormal liver functions and subsequently long-term liver injury. Liver cirrhosis is considered the leading cause of death and illness in men as this disease is twice common in men than in women.
Although liver cirrhosis is common in most malnourished alcoholics, most deaths from cirrhosis are as a result of hepatitis B. Also, diseases like fatty liver, drugged induced injury and other related diseases could cause liver cirrhosis in people. Hence, this article is written to educate people on the risk factors and symptoms of liver cirrhosis. Below are common risk factors and symptoms related to this disease?
Excess alcohol use
Excess Alcohol is believed to cause liver cirrhosis. Consequently, men or women who consume a little more than 2-3 bottle of alcohol daily are at risk of been diagnosed with liver cirrhosis.
Infection with viral hepatitis
Viral hepatitis is a risk factor of liver cirrhosis. Thus, studies have shown that patients with either chronic viral hepatitis B or c are at more risk of been diagnosed with cirrhosis.
Obesity and Diabetes
Liver cirrhosis is diagnosed more in people with obesity or Diabetes. This is because obesity and diabetes are widely known risk factors for a liver injury called non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) which if not treated might degenerate into liver cirrhosis.
Fatigue is a general sign of liver cirrhosis. As this illness continue to progress, patients are going to develop muscle mass which would increase Fatigue. Hence, a fatigue that is increasingly becoming difficult to treat should trigger a sense of urgency in people to go for a medical checkup.
Another common symptom of liver cirrhosis is itching. Pruritus, as it is fondly called, occurs because of bile duct disorders. However, itching can also be symptoms of other liver diseases. Even so, there are medications to treat itching that result from liver cirrhosis.
People with this disease usually tend to develop Ascites. Ascites is a medical condition where there is abnormal retention of fluids in the abdomen. In their very early stages, Ascites can only be diagnosed by ultrasound or CT scans. As conditions continue to deteriorate, patients develop increased abdominal size, leading to acute abdominal pains and discomfort.
Digestive Tract Bleeding
Digestive tract bleeding is a glaring symptom of this disease. This bleeding in the digestive track leads to the development of abnormal and enlarged veins known as varices. Varices commonly occur in the lower part of the esophagus and may require an endoscopy test to be sure if you have varices. Although varices in themselves may not be symptomatic, nonetheless, when they rupture, they lead to bleeding in the digestive tract.
Liver cirrhosis usually results in abnormal liver function which will give rise to the liver not been able to detoxicate or get rid of waste products from the blood or intestine. If this waste product circulates and reaches the brain, it results to Hepatic Encephalopathy. Signs of Hepatic Encephalopathy may include slurring of speech, drowsiness, mental slowing or confusion.