Throat cancer is a serious type of cancer that develops in the throat’s inner lining, thereby creating blockage and causing the tumor to affect the lymph nodes and spread to other parts of the body with time. At that point, the tumor possesses the whole body, making it extremely needful to get the tumor cells removed from the body completely.
Throat cancer survival rate aids the understanding of the chances of survival at different stages of the tumor. Also, throat cancer life expectancy is estimated to be around five to six years, given that 70% of throat cancer is mostly diagnosed in stage 3 when the average survival rate is around 4 to 6 years.
Findings show that this tumor mostly occurs in men. More so, there’s over 80% chance of occurrence of the tumor in addicted smokers and folks given to tobacco and alcohol consumption. Among all other tumors, this cancer records the highest death rate, as tobacco consumers have 95% chances of occurrence of this tumor. The life expectancy of throat cancer is lowest in consumers of tobacco oriented substances.
The survival of this cancer is derived on the basis of the tumor’s stages. The tumor attains certain levels of severity at different stages as a result of which throat cancer life expectancy keeps diminishing. A review of throat cancer survival rate at the different stages are as follows;
SURVIVAL RATE AT STAGE 1
This is the stage where the tumor starts developing in the area of the throat. At this stage, it is very small and doesn’t affect the lymph nodes. Also, minor symptoms are observed at this stage which is often mistaken for throat infections, making it difficult to diagnose the tumor. At this stage, the survival rate is over 85%, while the life expectancy is around 15 to 20 years.
SURVIVAL RATE AT STAGE 2
This is when the tumor has developed completely and begins to affect the lymph nodes and the surrounding areas. Its size at this point is about 5 centimeters, and symptoms like constant coughing and fever are observed. The survival rate at this stage is approximately 65% and the life expectancy is around 5 to 8 years.
SURVIVAL RATE AT STAGE 3
Here, the lymph nodes and surrounding areas are completely damaged by the tumor, giving room to severe symptoms like difficulty in swallowing of food stuff and weight loss. At this stage, surgery is unadvisable, as chemotherapy and radiation therapy are considered the best forms of treatments. The survival rate at this stage is around 40% to 50% while life expectancy is around 2 to 3 years.
SURVIVAL RATE AT STAGE 4
This is when the tumor possesses the whole body, thus affecting the lymph nodes, throat area, and even other parts of the body, and damaging the immune system completely, rendering the body vulnerable to a wide range of diseases. Survival rate falls below 5% and life expectancy is around 3 to 6 months.
The life expectancy of throat cancer depends on how early the tumor gets diagnosed and treatment commences. It is important for a patient to have information about throat cancer life expectancy and throat cancer survival rate, as it can reduce the confidence of the patient while recovering from the disease.