Kidney stones also known as urolithiasis is one of the kidney diseases diagnosed among 1 to 15 percent of people worldwide. In 2013 alone, a total of 49 million cases of kidney stones were recorded eventually resulting in the death of 15,000 patients. Kidney stones are more common in western countries as incidence rate is higher in men than women. Kidney stones at their very early stages may cause discomfort and excruciating pains to the patients, leading to sleepless and feverish night, painful urination as well as swollen abdomen and lower back pain.
Kidney stones normally occur as a result of a buildup of certain chemicals such as calcium (from urine), ammonia or uric acids in the body, it could also occur as a result of inadequate fluids in the body or other medical conditions.
The goal of this article is to alert people by drawing their attention to warning symptoms of impending kidney stones infection. Thus, below are some common symptoms of the disease:
Frequent & Painful Urination
Experts have stated that frequent and painful urination are the most common symptoms that point to kidney stones infection. This is detectable when the urge to urinate increases with little intake of fluid. Also, when urination takes place, you may experience intense pains because of the moving of kidney stones into your urinary tract (urethra). If kidney stones are left untreated, they may result in other medical conditions like urinary tract infection. Consequently, when you begin to experience this symptom, book an appoint with your physician for checkup and screening for kidney stones.
Spreading Back Pain
Back pain that spreads to the side and below the rib cage regions are one of the earliest symptoms of kidney stones. As kidney stones remain untreated, pains are expected to spread beyond the lower abdomen to groin areas leading to fluctuating waves of pain and abdominal tenderness. In some people, these pains may last for some few minutes to some hours, depending on the size of the kidney stones.
Blood in Urine
Asides the persistent and painful urination; people with kidney stones usually notice inconsistent discoloration in their urine. Sometimes, urine may change from its normal clear or yellowish color to red, pink or dark brown. If this disease remains untreated in the long run, it may result in hematuria, as a result of blood flowing into the urine.
Nausea & Vomiting
As kidney stones continue to develop in the body; it may result in nausea and vomiting among patients. If this nausea becomes intense, it may lead to other medical complications such as dehydration and nutritional deficit. Vomiting and nausea tend to occur because kidney stones impair the kidney's normal function of ridding the body of toxins and other harmful chemicals.
Pungent Smelling Urine
People who have kidney stones notice that asides the frequent painful urination and blood patch in urine, urine also gives off offensive and pungent smell. This offensive smell is because of the concentration of chemicals and toxins which the kidneys have been unable to expel. While it is normal for urine to have a little bitter smell once in a while, sharp, pungent and frequent smelling urine are indications of kidney stones infection.
P.S: If you are experiencing all these symptoms mentioned above, it’s necessary you opt for proper medical diagnosis and screening for kidney stones. This is because early treatment prevents this disease from deteriorating.